A Spanish painter, sculpter, printmaker and artist of many of mediums, Pablo Picasso is one of the most famous artists of the 20th century. Beyond his work with surrealism, he is also known as one of the creators of cubism as well. His style shifted greatly over the decades of his work, from his color focus early in his career to the cubism and surrealism of his later work.
Guernica [The horrors of war] (1937)
This powerful painting, done only in black, white and grey, depicts the bombing of Guernica, Spain by Nazi Germany and Fasict Italy in 1937. The screaming and suffering of the people and animals comes through very clearly, even though the style is has his distinctive look. He painted it right after he heard about the bombings and used the painting to raise war relief funds.
The Weeping Woman (1937)
Hailing from Belgium, Magritte is best known for his thought provoking images involving ordinary objects in unusual locations or context. He was known for his use of simple objects, like a pipe, an essel, or an apple for example, and putting them in strange context. This would create a poetic image, often challenging the viewer to question their expectations.
The artist explained this picture: “I decided to paint the image of a locomotive… . In order for its mystery to be evoked, another immediately familiar image without mystery—the image of a dining room fireplace—was joined.” The strangeness of the train floating out of the fireplace and of these two things that are of such a large difference in size creates a compelling image.